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Author Topic: 15 list of Most Expensive Materials In The World  (Read 502 times)

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15 list of Most Expensive Materials In The World
« on: August 01, 2016, 01:33:05 AM »
NO 1 – ANTIMATTER - $ 62.5 trillion / gram

In particle physics, antimatter is a material composed of antiparticles, which have the same mass as particles of ordinary matter but opposite charges, as well as other particle properties such as lepton and baryon numbers

NO 2 – CALIFORNIUM 252 - $ 27 million / gram

Californium is a radioactive metallic chemical element with symbol Cf and atomic number 98. The element was first made in 1950 at the University of California Radiation Laboratory in Berkeley, by bombarding curium with alpha particles. Wikipedia
Symbol: Cf
Atomic number: 98
Discovered: 1950
Atomic mass: 251 u
Electron configuration: [Rn] 5f107s2
Discoverers: Glenn T. Seaborg, Albert Ghiorso
Chemical series: Metal, Period 7 element, Toxic heavy metal, Actinide

Californium-252, an isotope with a half-life of about 2.6 years, is a very strong neutron source.
One microgram (0.000001 grams) of californium-252 produces 170,000,000 neutrons per minute.
It is being used as a neutron source to identify gold and silver ores through a technique known as neutron activation

NO 3 – DIAMOND - $55,000/gram

Diamond is a metastable allotrope of carbon,

where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal structure called a diamond

NO 4 – TRITIUM - $ 30,000 / gram

Tritium symbol T or 3H, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.
The nucleus of tritium (sometimes called a triton) contains one proton and two neutrons,
whereas the nucleus of protium (by far the most abundant hydrogen isotope) contains one proton and no neutrons

NO 5 – TAFFEIT – up to $ 20,000 / gram or $ 4000/karat

Taaffeite is a mineral, named after its discoverer Richard Taaffe (1898–1967) who found the first sample, a cut and polished gem]

NO 6 – PAINITE - $ 9000/gram OR $1800 / karat

Painite is a very rare borate mineral.

It was first found in Myanmar by British mineralogist and gem dealer Arthur C.D. Pain in the 1950s

NO 7 – PLUTONIUM - $ 4000 / gram

Plutonium is a transuranic radioactive chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94.
It is an actinide metal of silvery-gray appearance that tarnishes when exposed to air,
and forms a dull coating when oxidized. Wikipedia
Symbol: Pu
Discovered: 1940
Electron configuration: [Rn] 5f67s2
Atomic number: 94
Atomic mass: 244 u
Melting point: 639.4 °C
Discoverers: Joseph W. Kennedy, Glenn T. Seaborg, Edwin McMillan, Arthur Wahl

NO 8 – L S D - $ 3000 / gram
Lysergic acid diethylamide, also known as acid, is a psychedelic drug known for its psychological effects. Wikipedia
Formula: C20H25N3O
IUPAC ID: (6aR,9R)- N,N- diethyl- 7-methyl- 4,6,6a,7,8,9- hexahydroindolo- [4,3-fg] quinoline- 9-carboxamide
Molar mass: 323.43 g/mol
Melting point: 80 °C
CAS ID: 50-37-3

NO 9 – COCAINE - $ 215 / gram

Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug. It is commonly snorted, inhaled, or injected into the veins. Wikipedia
Formula: C17H21NO4
IUPAC ID: methyl (1R,2R,3S,5S)-3- (benzoyloxy)-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1] octane-2-carboxylate
Molar mass: 303.353 g/mol
Melting point: 98 °C
Boiling point: 187 °C
CAS ID: 50-36-2

NO 10 – HEROIN - $ 130 / gram

Heroin is an opioid pain killer. It is also used less commonly as a cough suppressant and as an antidiarrhoeal.
Heroin is used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.
Formula: C21H23NO5
IUPAC ID: (5α,6α)-7,8-didehydro-4,5-epoxy-17-methylmorphinan-3,6-diol diacetate
Molar mass: 369.411 g/mol
Melting point: 173 °C
CAS ID: 561-27-3

NO 11 – RHINO HORN - $ 110 / gram

A rhinoceros, often abbreviated to rhino,
is one of any five extant species of odd-toed ungulates in the family Rhinocerotidae,
as well as any of the numerous extinct species. Wikipedia
Scientific name: Rhinocerotidae
Gestation period: White rhinoceros: 16 – 18 months, Black rhinoceros: 15 – 16 months, Indian rhinoceros: 16 months
Mass: White rhinoceros: 2,300 kg, Black rhinoceros: 800 – 1,400 kg, Indian rhinoceros: 2,100 kg
Lifespan: White rhinoceros: 40 – 50 years, Black rhinoceros: 35 – 50 years
Speed: White rhinoceros: 50 km/h, Black rhinoceros: 56 km/h, Indian rhinoceros: 55 km/h
Height: White rhinoceros: 1.7 – 1.8 m, Black rhinoceros: 1.3 – 1.8 m, Indian rhinoceros: 1.6 – 1.9 m

NO 12 – METHAMPHETAMINE - $ 100 / gram

Methamphetamine (also called meth, crystal, chalk, and ice, among other terms)
is an extremely addictive stimulant drug that is chemically similar to amphetamine

NO 13 – PLATINUM - $ 60 / gram

Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, gray-white transition metal

Symbol: Pt
Electron configuration: [Xe] 4f145d96s1
Melting point: 1,768 °C
Atomic number: 78
Atomic mass: 195.084 u
Discovered: 1735
Discoverer: Antonio de Ulloa

NO 14 – RHODIUM - $ 58 / gram

Rhodium is a chemical element with symbol Rh and atomic number 45.
It is a rare, silvery-white, hard, and chemically inert transition metal.
It is a member of the platinum group.
It has only one naturally occurring isotope, ¹⁰³Rh

NO 15 – GOLD - $56 / gram

Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au and the atomic number 79.
In its purest form, it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft,
malleable and ductile metal.
Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element

Symbol: Au
Melting point: 1,064 °C
Atomic mass: 196.96657 u ± 0.000004 u
Atomic number: 79
Electron configuration: [Xe] 4f145d106s1
Symbol of: Alaska, California
Chemical series: Metal, Transition metal, Period 6 element, Group 11 element, Toxic heavy metal

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